Glossary

Acceptance

Unconditional value and the ability to embrace without resistance (of oneself, another individual or a phenomenon).

Assimilation

(Immigrant/minority) assimilation is a complex process in which immigrants not only fully dissolve themselves into a new country (culture) but also lose all or almost all the aspects of their heritage and cultural identity. Assimilation can be intentional and conscious as well as forced, for instance by some state policies or the absence of policies.

Asylum Seeker

An asylum seeker is someone that has left his home and country to request sanctuary in another country, escaping political, religious or cultural persecution back home.

Border

Borders are political boundaries. They separate countries, states, provinces, counties, cities, and towns. A border outlines the area that a particular governing body controls. The government of a region can only create and enforce laws within its borders.

Citizenship

Citizenship is the legal and political property of an individual, establishing the relation between the individual and his/her state.

Cultural identity

Cultural identity is the identity or feeling of belonging to a group of people based on specific cultural characteristics, like race, ethnicity, gender, age, religion, sexual orientation, language, e.t.c.

Discrimination

Discrimination is the intended differential treatment of people or groups based on their cultural or social characteristics, in a negative way. Discrimination is characterised by adding a negative action to a prejudice that can lead to social exclusion, but also to a violation of human dignity based on people’s social group belonging or certain physical characteristics.

Exclusion

Process opposite to Inclusion. Denying the rights and access to opportunities to an individual or social group(s).

Fake news

Fake news is as old as the news industry itself—misinformation, hoaxes (mystification/confusion), propaganda, and satire – have long been in existence. One can develop being sensitive to recognise them and apply tools to evaluate news for its reliability and truthfulness. Understanding that information can be a tool for manipulation is an important competence of critical thinking today in the era of the Internet.

Hate speech

Speech that attacks or threatens someone or a specific group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, gender, disability or sexual orientation. It is performed on a discursive level; as pointing someone or a group as the target

Human rights

Human Rights are a set of ethical values that dictate specific patterns of behaviour between people, including the respect of one’s life, liberty, freedom of expression, e.t.c. and that are inalienable, indivisible, interdependent and universal and that they should be protected, thus transferred as legal rights under national and/or international law.

IDP Internally Displaced People

Internally Displaced People are people who have been forced or obliged to abandon their homes to avoid war, confict, mass persecutions, natural or human-made disasters, but who have not crossed any country borders.

Immigrants

Immigrants are people who come in a foreign country in order to live there permenantly.

Inclusion

Equal access, rights and terms for participation in a given society. This means, on the one hand, that institutions, structures and measures should be designed positively to accommodate diversity of circumstances, identities and ways of life. On the other hand, it means that opportunities and resources should be distributed so as to minimise disadvantage and marginalisation.

Integration

In its meaning of the word means to “bring together” or to “bring into”. In the concept of acculturation strategies of John Berry, referring to some different ways for how groups and individuals seek to live together, – integration is defined as different to assimilation and separation, and is the opposite to marginalization. Integration is when a minority cultural group lives integrally in dialogue within a majority cultural group(s) being able to maintain their own cultural identity. The term of Integration obtained its negative connotation because of being misused to identify often the opposite process as assimilation for political manipulations, for instance. Sometimes the term of Integration is used as synonym with the term of Inclusion.

Intersectionality

The complex, cumulative manner in which the effects of different forms of discrimination combine, overlap, or intersect; it describe the ways in which different kind of oppressive behaviour (racism, sexism, homophobia, transphobia, ableism, xenophobia, classism, etc.) are interconnected and cannot be examined separately from one another because, differently from multiple discrimination, in these cases the discrimination exist only when they intersect/connect.

Living Library

Living Library is an activity and social event which aims to raise awareness and sensibilise people on the themes that are spoken much in the society, but at the same time the information about them is lacking or partial, and people do not have personal experience in relation to them. The main objectives are to break stereotypes and prejudices, combat gossip and make visual and evident the wrong and un-trustful information, which reaches us through conscious and unconscious ways.

Migrants are people to move to another place or country, seeking work or better living conditions

Nationality is the legal relationship between an individual and the state he resides. It can be distinguished from citizenship, as citizens receive the full rights provided by the state and participate to the political life of said state.

Prejudice

A prejudice is a particular class of stereotype, one which contains an evaluation or judgment. Many stereotypes which appear to be neutral in fact contain an element of judgment. For example, “women aren’t good at computer games” appears to be a statement of fact but it is really making a judgment about women’s technical ability.

Racism

Racism is a specific type of discrimination based solely of one’s race,  color, origin, religion, usually accompanied by the feeling that one’s race is superior to others, or that certain races are inferior to others.

Refugee

A person who has been forced to abandon urgently his/her home and country in order to escape from war, persecution or a natural or human-made disaster.

Residence (permit)

Is a legal permission (and a document) for a person to live in a particular State thus enjoying particular privileges/rights and obligations of the State and an individual; so, losing residence or not having it one loses/doesn’t have the corresponding privileges and responsibilities. Residence of an individual can be different from Nationality and Citizenship.

Resilience

Resilience is the process and capabality of a person to adapt well and to feel happy in the face of trauma, threats or other sources of unusual and often extreme stress (like a disaster, a war, persecution, e.t.c.).

Respect

Valuing and recognising the importance of someone (individual) or something. It is a synonym to “giving attention” and “taking into consideration”. The respect may be shown through behaviors of one(s) actively listening, affirming, being kind to, being polite to, being thankful to another person, admiring.

Stereotypes

Stereotypes are shared beliefs or thoughts about particular groups and may be positive or negative (or neutral). Although they can be useful, stereotypes become damaging when they are applied rigidly to individuals and are used as a reason for different treatment or behavior. Stereotypes are generalizations, and will not always be true of every individual case! Stereotypes are often the basis for prejudices. When a stereotype is linked with an emotional component (often negative), we call it prejudice.

Stigmatisation

Stigmatisation is the social process of assigning certain negative labels to a person or a group of people based on his/her cultural identity, physical attributes, habbits, actions e.t.c. usually to offend and descriminate against that person or group.

Tolerance

Tolerance is one’s willingness to allow others to exercise behaviours, values, beliefs, e.t.c that he/she dislikes or disapproves.

Do you want to

collaborate with us?